At Anaklia, my layer that have any connection with river as a corridor element is :

Main Layer : Bridge, Pier, Plinth

Banal Layer : Bushed , Hedges

Elemental Layer : Flood plain

In Anaklia, Georgia, I more collecting data on that 3 layer. Its is because on this 3 layer has related each other with river. Like my main layer in term how people use bridge to go another island by using bridge. Same with abandoned pier that people still leave it as a monument but  the construction stage already stopped since long time ago. It is shows that the river still on going at Anaklia from Black sea but the government never try to stop or any attemp to propose structure that will stop the flowing of river. Means that Anaklia still need have a river as a corridor at the future.

One thing that river at Tbilisi and Batumi still have intact with structure element ( such as brick wall material, aqueduct structure, bridge and many more ) but in Anaklia more sorrounding with vegetation ( bushes ).  Means that at Anaklia need have technology at the future that can overcome the flooding.

As we know that river can be part of transportation since a long time ago. Based on discussion with Harry ( the one person in charge in term of countour of river and Black Sea), end of river at Anaklia ( the one connected with Black Sea ) suddenly became to deep.Its means that Black sea potentially can become deep sea port at the future. End of the sea which is connected with Black Sea also can potentially to create harbour. Its means that river that connected with Black Sea can be part of transportation hub at the future.


Dmitri Bra, Lida Driva, Silvia Ribot – Flooding Mechanism


Greg Lynn with Brennan Buck – Hydro Futures


Main layer
colonade / archways / anything like an aqueduct / pier

Banal Layer
vegetation – trees

Elemental Layer
trees and greenery formally/informally


During my site investigation in Anaklia, my prior is to focus and document on the green corridor of the site. Thus, I’ve taken samples of the types of vegetation, encompasses from all types of urban greenspace, ranging from public and private spaces such as domestic gardens, to the open spaces alongside roads and along the promenade.



Cartographic Grounds: Projecting the Landscape Imaginary


Mapping examples above shows various type of hatch styles that can be apply.






These mapping colors can help the complexity of layers. light and pastel color make a clear and depth of the mapping.


Color and hatch:

Depth, density and scale of hatch with color mapping, on top of the plan, bring a bright and clear straight idea of the stories.



Light and colored line, framed,linear line, circle, define a language and relationship within the context.


Color block:

Hierarchy of color block set up a priority of reading the plan.



Those Symbol give a clear mark of location on the map, and show the relationship with the context and other layers,  rather than tell what it is. Each of the shape of the symbol make distinction with others, color, density and size etc.    


Cadastral lines

  • Uninhabited areas can be dotted lines
  • Inhabited areas can be solid lines also demarcating existence of plot boundaries, and it is annotated or mentioned that residential boundaries are fences.
  • For plot boundaries with walls, plot boundary to either thicken or have a double line




Land use

  • Hatch pattern for agricultural land use
  • Other land use can be plain? Assuming what is not agricultural is residential (some with subsistence farming) and commercial (hotels and shops)

Ideas for representing topography and water bodies.


Use of muted colour could be used to show different types of land use


Solid black fill could be used to highlight project interventions and key elements on the smaller scale maps


Use of a grid for call outs etc give them order on the page. Concentric squares for a closer scale is potential option for highlighting certain areas or individual projects. Coloured land creates clear distinction between land and sea.


Abstracting down elements into clear forms and gestures may be useful for smaller scale maps depicting particular themes of barrier etc.


Beautiful drawing showing vegetation etc

Using colour to highlight the sea creates a clear distinction between land and water and allows contours to still be shown in the sea floor. Showing future ships and shipping channels could highlight the role of the port, similarly we could envision railway links and the proposed airport in a similar manner.


Using areas of satellite images may be a way of depicting agricultural or non built up land use.



Banal layer: Landmarks within the group of commercial, residential, industrial buildings & landmarks

Elemental layer: Supra tables / shelters

Landmarks: Axis, centrality, directionality, objects, attention, ideology

As a group of 4, Nur, Jude, Maria and myself mapped all the residential, industrial, commercial buildings and landmarks, documenting both demolition and abandoned, as well as active construction. These are some sketches of the houses during the survey.

Following my banal layer, landmarks usually provide an anchor and can act as a central object, which links to Villa Rotonda’s where the villa is the anchor and the surroundings flow circle around it. There were several landmarks identified in Anaklia, however they seem to have no local values or meanings as most of them are abandoned or dilapidated or as a stand alone object.

Mapping examples

Building typology diagrams by Ryan Glick & Julia Pascutto

Armature and extracted facades, unknown



Anaklia first developed as a fishing town and currently still has a small population, apart from seasonal tourists. New hotels and development of the beach promenade suggest that the area receives visitors in the summer. This includes visitors for its annual festival, a month long music event called GEM fest.

Anaklia is also located just south of the political border of Abkhazia, a region attempting to find autonomy under Russian occupancy. It is said that part of the reason that Anaklia is undergoing major development is to signal prosperity in Georgia, tempting the citizens of Abkhazia to rejoin.

The deep-sea port designed for Anaklia has further geographical motives, as it is the location of a natural underwater canyon, making this the most suitable location along the Georgian coast. Globally, it is positioned strategically between Europe and Asia, and sits on the fastest trade route from China to Europe, allowing access to the landlocked countries of the Caucuses and Central Asia.

In addition to the deep-sea port, a Special Economic Zone will be developed in the surrounding region, spanning ~2000 ha.

Information sourced from Anaklia Development Consortium website, available at [30.11.2017]


On the visit to Anaklia, a process of recording vital data was implemented amongst the group.

The ‘road layer’ group drew sketches of street sections and recorded measurements using the disto laser-meter of road and pavement widths. We also recorded data on street infrastructure and vegetation. In order to be able to match a location to the drawings later on, we marked section lines on the printed map where we had drawn sections and taken photographs.

After the visit, we marked the road hierarchy on the map based on road condition, connectivity and usage. This allowed us to understand the nature of all the routes, and the section type that they corresponded to, e.g. main road, track road, pedestrian route. We were then able to draw the roads on CAD, based on the satellite and cadastral data as well as sections and information from site.

Mapping Precedents

Map 1: Block outlines show the urban tissue and road network, with colour used to identify the spread of building density. Overall, this gives an immediate impression of the large scale urban context with information illustrated simply and minimally.

Map 2: Roads and building forms are hatched, leaving an impression of open or empty space blank. This map gives detail of the figure ground and road heirarchy without overwhelming use of lines.

Map 3: More detailed at a smaller scale, the map details building outline, plot outline and streets, including pavement lines. Further information shows green spaces and vegetation marked with green dots. Thick line weights show boundaries and edges. Colour used to highlight these differences and to add clarity to lines. Limited symbols and text used to mark other information.



In-progress Mapped Banal and Personal Layers within Anaklia


Banal Site Layer: Infrastructure, Way-finding and Utilities

Personal Layer: Gas Pipe Infrastructure

Myself and Lok decided to record all repeated elements of way-finding, utilities and urban infrastructure such as, street lighting, electricity pylons and water towers etc.  To follow in conjunction with my Technology Study, I decided to also record all exposed Gas Pipes in Anaklia.  These infrastructural elements were recorded because they are the essential services to ensure that the life and wealth in Anaklia is successful although for aesthetic purposes, are generally kept out of sight or hidden.  The completed map will be seen as the preliminary site field work to inform my design decisions next semester regarding how my potential power station, petrol station and connecting infrastructure will sit within the current frame work within the town.

Sketch Map documenting domestic infrastructure, Anaklia November 2017

The documented sketch maps began to show the pattern of utilities generally following the domestic properties.  This consisted of most houses having standard services such as water & electricity mains and gas points however, there were a few obvious exceptions in the seafront vicinity such as, seasonal plumbing utilities (beach showers, water fountains & stadium lighting) and scattered larger forms of infrastructure (electricity pylons & radio masts) seen in more open areas of the town.  As well as the drawn representation of our mapping layers, we also took photographs of each element in case the overall representation of the map (or just our layers) may change from a standard top/plan view to a 3D or bird’s eye view?

The precedent mapping examples shown below are effective at representing a pipeline or another linear arrangement in a very clear and concise way or begin to show how the overall network would function spatially.

Map prepared by Albuquerque Field office, Shell LP as a part of an environmental statement for a proposed New Mexico Products Pipeline project.
Internet networks infrastructure mind-mapping diagram, CTI IT Consulting and Solutions – This spatial methodology could be applied to represent the infrastructural layers in a 3D isometric view.








Banal Layer :Commercial, Residential & Industrial buildings

Nur, Jude, Aqilah and I mapped all the residential, industrial and commercial buildings, while also recording the demolished, abandoned and the ones under construction. While the rest of the team were taking photographs of the building I was in charge of “labelling” these buildings through a series of lists on a piece of paper, by giving descriptions and measurements while mapping them on the map.

For each building category, we had initials followed by numbers as a means of identification.

Notes taken on site, while mapping the buildings of Anaklia


Elemental Layer : Prefab/ repeated Elements

Following my technology exploration on prefabricated elements my Elemental Layer is based on identifying these elements in Anaklia. Two of the main elements were bricks corrugated steel used on the façade of buildings for decorative reasons.

This house in Anaklia is the perfect example of both elements researched above combined. The industrial element used on the top part of the building is purely decoration. In addition, the “bricks” drawn are wall tiles with a brick pattern. 

Mapping Examples

Rebecca Lefkowitz, Mapping Points


Swarnabh Ghosh, Mapping Key points