SAVINI // Project Brief and Site

Brief 

Workers Housing in Anaklia

Building Type:
Residential / Collective Housing

Anaklia is preparing to undergo vast re-development, which will see the development of a deep-sea port and an economic zone. This will transform the town from a small coastal resort into an international trade hub.

Anaklia will see a growth in the population as thousands of jobs are created during and after the construction.

The project will propose a residential solution for Anaklia, which responds to the changing population and economy, expecting adaptation and ownership by its prospective users.

The project will be deliberated on three scales; the urban, the architectural, and as singular units. This will establish a modular approach that can be implemented on a larger scale.

The central character / user are the workers, whilst they are individuals, they are also a commodity; Labour. The pre-requisite is that profit relies on cheap labour. Therefore, how can the workers gain from Anaklia?

 

Users

What are the jobs that will be created?

Labourers: Construction workers, physical labourers.
Skilled labourers: drivrs, mechanics, Operations, Administration, Retail & Hospitality

Professionals: Engineers, Financial Services, Civil Services

Who are the people that will take these jobs?

Locals, from the region:
Many young people left school without basic qualifications. (Many people lack even valid driving licenses). Potentially a workforce for labourers / physical jobs and likely to be exploited, doing physical work and badly paid.
Region is sparsely populated, and would not make up a significant part of the workforce required.

Georgians, from other parts of country:
The government requires 90% of the workforce to be Georgian. This figure may be unattainable as there is a lack of highly-qualified workers for ‘white-collar’ jobs.

Foreign workforce :
The shortage of workforce will be supplemented by foreign workers. How can Anaklia attract the right people to work on the port? Will migrants move to Anaklia temporarily or settle?

 

Scale

In total, thousands of residential units may be required. I aim to explore this on the architectural scale – how do these units work, and on the urban scale, how does it function as a whole. using modular units, it will create a scheme that can multiply over time.

 

Spatial Programme

The programme aims to create efficient individual and collective units. This diagram explores relationships between spaces and the functions they must accommodate, and also how they relate to each other and the building form. This can be used to form a sequence of internal and external spaces.

 

 

 

 

Site

The site is located near what can be identified as the town centre of Anaklia- with the presence of commercial and public services, and addressing two important route: one that leads to Zugdidi, so is the principle route into Anaklia from other parts of Georgia, and one street occupied by the school and church, and leading to the port area.

 

Savini Rajapakse // Anaklian Houses: Typology

After recording and analysing the houses in Anaklia, many commonalities emerge and begin to form a set of distinguishing features of the typical, vernacular Anaklian house.

  1. Ground: All houses are built upon a raised plinth, most likely to avoid damage to the timber from insects.
  2. Roof: Common roof forms are hipped or pitched roofs.
  3. Mass: All existing houses are 1-2 storeys high and of similar proportions.
  4. Windows / Fenestration: Common window types, presumably from one source, and similar rhythm to fenestration.
  5. Veranda / Balcony: Every house features generous external space in the form of a veranda or balcony. Often these spaces face onto the street, creating overlooking of the public space and passive surveillance. It also implies a social aspect, with furniture that suggests it is used as an external living space.
  6. External Stair: Many two storey dwellings have direct access to upper floor accommodation, often with an external stair leading onto a balcony space.

SAVINI // ELEMENT STUDY

The architecture of Tbilisi, Georgia’s capital, has been moulded with influence from various different countries and cultures. Its geographical location in the Caucus mountains puts the country at the meeting point of Europe and Asia. It’s history is rife with war and political unrest, which is still present to this day in parts of Georgia. As a result, a true ‘vernacular’ style is difficult to define. Instead, the architectural language in Tbilisi integrates many symbols of its colonisers into its own unique style.

The ‘Kamikaze Loggia’ appears in the 1990s, when after the collapse of the soviet union, properties fell into private ownership allowing residents to freely alter and expand their premises. In many cases, balconies were in-filled to increase the interior space of flats, and in some cases, protruding balconies and loggias were constructed, cantilevered from the side of the building.

This allowed many small apartments to gain an extra room or increase the area of an existing one, providing an illusion of a larger space despite often losing daylight to the deeper parts of the room.The impact of these extensions is also on the street, as many constructions extend over plot boundaries and encroach onto the public space below.

The balconies and loggias of Tbilisi are a unique architectural element, as they have been implemented, adapted and re-enforced over many years. Every architectural detail reveals a component of Tbilisi’s past, which is integrated into the narrative of the city.

SAVINI // PROJECT ARTICULATION

Anaklia is preparing to undergo rapid re-development,
that will see the development of a deep-sea port and
an economic zone. This will transform the town from a
small coastal resort into an international trade hub. It
will see a growth in the population as thousands of
jobs are created during and after the construction.
The project will aim to propose a residential solution
for future Anaklia. This is potentially a method of
development that responds to the changing
population and economy of Anaklia, expecting
adaptation and ownership by the future users.
This will require consideration on the urban scale as
well as the conception of singular units. The theory
development of the dwelling will be used to creatively
address the situtation; the architecture of migration in
its many forms.

The concept of labour will need to be explored to
identify the most central needs of the new population,
and to consider their impact within the greater
scheme, how it can be a people-centred.
The political borders and geographical boundaries are
intervowen into the towns identity and begin to
defiine the spatial limits of the region. These
relationships need to be addressed rather than
ignored.

The underlying themes are labour, residential design
and trade & logisitics.

SAVINI // DRAWING REFLECTIONS

This drawing is formed of a series of views in perspective. Collaborating with Robert Cresswell, the composition draws parallels with the subject of Tatlin’s tower, the monument designed by Vladimir Tatlin in the wake of the Bolshevik Revolution. Central to the constructivist monument are the three forms of the square, the pyramid and the cylinder, representing a hierarchy within the tower.

The re-interpretation drawing is composed of three views that are occupied and inhabited. Within each, the forms of Tatlins tower are found. In creating this drawing, it has been necessary to explore space and form as a dichotomy.

The intricacies show a further layer of the drawing, narrating the confluence of the residential and office typologies, and demonstrating a vision of home and work life merging.

 

 

 

The objective of this drawing is to illustrate an unseen representation of the collective residence of Dogma’s project Pretty Vacant.

The composition of this is based on Rem Koolhaas’s unravelled section through the spiralling ramp of OMA’s proposal for Jussieu Library. The drawing sets out an extended section through the spaces of the building. The spaces within the building are expressed and occupied, the boundaries and structures shown in void.

Hatched lines are used to convey surface, object and furniture, and line density and crossover used to indicate shading and depth.

Using collage as an experimentation tool at an early stage of the drawing development enabled a means of extruding space to express three dimensionality in parallel projection.

Figures and bodies were implemented to show occupation of the space and activity occurring within. Although this is the most literal representation within the drawing, it seems to be a necessary layer to fully demonstrate habitation and co-habitation.

SAVINI // MAPPING REFLECTIONS

Anaklia

Anaklia first developed as a fishing town and currently still has a small population, apart from seasonal tourists. New hotels and development of the beach promenade suggest that the area receives visitors in the summer. This includes visitors for its annual festival, a month long music event called GEM fest.

Anaklia is also located just south of the political border of Abkhazia, a region attempting to find autonomy under Russian occupancy. It is said that part of the reason that Anaklia is undergoing major development is to signal prosperity in Georgia, tempting the citizens of Abkhazia to rejoin.

The deep-sea port designed for Anaklia has further geographical motives, as it is the location of a natural underwater canyon, making this the most suitable location along the Georgian coast. Globally, it is positioned strategically between Europe and Asia, and sits on the fastest trade route from China to Europe, allowing access to the landlocked countries of the Caucuses and Central Asia.

In addition to the deep-sea port, a Special Economic Zone will be developed in the surrounding region, spanning ~2000 ha.

Information sourced from Anaklia Development Consortium website, available at http://www.anakliadevelopment.com/ [30.11.2017]

Mapping

On the visit to Anaklia, a process of recording vital data was implemented amongst the group.

The ‘road layer’ group drew sketches of street sections and recorded measurements using the disto laser-meter of road and pavement widths. We also recorded data on street infrastructure and vegetation. In order to be able to match a location to the drawings later on, we marked section lines on the printed map where we had drawn sections and taken photographs.

After the visit, we marked the road hierarchy on the map based on road condition, connectivity and usage. This allowed us to understand the nature of all the routes, and the section type that they corresponded to, e.g. main road, track road, pedestrian route. We were then able to draw the roads on CAD, based on the satellite and cadastral data as well as sections and information from site.

Mapping Precedents

Map 1: Block outlines show the urban tissue and road network, with colour used to identify the spread of building density. Overall, this gives an immediate impression of the large scale urban context with information illustrated simply and minimally.

Map 2: Roads and building forms are hatched, leaving an impression of open or empty space blank. This map gives detail of the figure ground and road heirarchy without overwhelming use of lines.

Map 3: More detailed at a smaller scale, the map details building outline, plot outline and streets, including pavement lines. Further information shows green spaces and vegetation marked with green dots. Thick line weights show boundaries and edges. Colour used to highlight these differences and to add clarity to lines. Limited symbols and text used to mark other information.

 

SAVINI // WEEK 1 REFLECTIONS – INFRASTRUCTURE, GENERIC CITY, NEW BABYLON

Coming from an urban design specialization, Keller Easterling’s Infrastructure text
interested me in the way that it presented the urban landscape, as sculpted by
economic and political forces. Initially, I had remarked that the presence of people /
life was missing from this interpretation, with the exception of the references to
labour, i.e. people as a commodity. This made me question the role of the individual
in the city- does the city serve the citizen? If so, surely there is a social aspect to the
success of a city?

The Generic City depicts a similar urban scenario, but also discussing some of the
social impacts of the city. Within our group we discussed the theme of identity
within the generic city – does the blankness allow freedom to express individual
identities? Is it superficial for the city to conform to a single identity/brand?

We also looked at the New Babylon proposal by Constant, which seeks a utopian
urban solution in compartmentalizing and segregating functions into living spaces,
work spaces, transit spaces and social spaces on a multitude of levels. The ambition
of this spatial arrangement, I found intriguing, and I feel it is somewhat adopted in
the schemes of Ville Radieuse and the Brasilia masterplan, touching on the issue of
exclusivity and inequality, and regimental levels of planning.