Following the Cross Critiques questions arose as to the processes of the project. The diagram below shows the processes of customs facilities that:

A. Import good for retail.

B. Import goods for distribution.

C. Export goods for distribution.

In order to successful interrogate these to inform layout, spatial diagrams were initiated. The diagrams below show how the processes could overlap and begin to define interesting moments in which architectural design will become significant. Through this process a single moment of my project articulation became compelling. This moment can be described as the tangent, a single instance in which the processes listed above all interact. In understanding this, a rethinking of the master plan and its Geo-political impact on the surrounding context was strengthened.


The diagram below shows how the tangent will interact and begin to define a new Anaklia. Within the implied radius of the circle I am proposing a new definition of the free industrial zone. This leading on from my work of inflection will allow Anaklia to become the centre of the new development and allow it to be a crucial piece in the regions development.

From working at such a vast scale the next step in the projects development will be to ‘zoom’ and consider the relationship of the tangent in regards to Abkhazia, Anaklia and the new economy of the Free Industrial Zone. The drawings below show the interaction of the commercial facade (foreground), industrial facade (background) and how they envelop the ideologies of the tangent.






verb: hide; 3rd person present: hides; past tense: hid; gerund or present participle: hiding; past participle: hidden

put or keep out of sight.




verb: present; 3rd person present: presents; past tense: presented; past participle: presented; gerund or present participle: presenting

show or offer (something) for others to scrutinize or consider.


In order to understand how the gesture of pulling interacts with the site a verb model showing
the prominent verbs within the projects articulation was created.
The model shows a spatial manifestation of the verbs Present/Hide. This can then begin to
develop a method of architectural design.





Inflection within architecture comments on the way in which a whole is implied through exploiting the individual objects opposed to their position or number.

It also refers to architectural gestures that imply a centre.

This can be seen explicitly within Palladio’s Villas; an example of this is Villa Emo. Villa Emo also employs a system of presenting and hiding.

The grand framing of the landscape is captured in its perceived front and its programme hidden from view.

When analysing existing and proposed Anaklia, the shift from a centrally located centre to one being manipulated by massive incoming development becomes apparent.

How is this then going to affect Anaklia socially, economically and politically?

Can the simple act of inflection produce geo-political relevance within Anaklia?


Precedent Studies

By using the same system of analysis, five precedent studies have been used to understand: the border condition, extension, infrastructural links and architectural gesture.

These precedents are:

  • The Mediterranean –  Joaquim Sellas (2016)
  • Amalassunta –  Emilio Detti et al. (1972)
  • Sov-kino Film Production Complex –  Leonidov (1927)
  • Hualing Sea Plaza –  Hualing Group (2017)
  • Exodus – Rem Koolhaas et al. (1972)

What was taken:

  • Border condition.
  • Extension/celular build up.
  • Use of a Present and Hide.
  • Processes informing the layout.
  • Integration to existing fabric.



Application to site

A gesture of pulling that presents the proposed development to Abkhazia by removing the customs process and situating it on the limits of Anaklia in a process of hiding.

A gesture of inflection that re-orientates the centre of Anaklia by redefining the city limits.


RACresswell RACresswell


Programme Testing

In order to accentuate the gesture and ensure antagonism towards the social, political and economic situation of Anaklia, various programmes were tested.

Customs Facilty for the Population of Anaklia & affiliated companies of the Free Industrial Zone consisting of processing, storage and parading.

This will achieve integration within the proposed route of commerce for the local population and allow Anaklia to not be overlooked, exploited and become a peripheral town ignored by the incoming development.



During the time in Anaklia it quickly became apparent that due to the different climate and socio-political environment, the balcony did not hold as much physical significance. Through understanding that a balcony also acts as a boundary in which the extension of private space into the public realm becomes a brash act; an investigation to uncover the shifting boundaries of the town was established. Like the balcony, the city boundary defines a void/monument by its limits. Its shifting politics, economy and social constructs then inform its current and projected physical manifestation. This alongside the projected boundaries of Anaklia, with a planned deep sea port and free industrial zone to the south and the recently founded separatist state of Abkhazia to the north defines the limits or boundaries for its projected expansion.


Project Articulation

Anaklia now sits in an intermittent period in its history due to massive development and a conflicted border with a separatist state. This leaves the people of the town frozen within a point of uncertainty and lack of direction around their future in regards to the shifting of economic, political and social boundaries around them.


Meticulous and conscious intervention through architectural discourse will facilitate the re-orientation of the incoming development to better serve the people of Anaklia. To achieve this a site has been earmarked for intervention, the site sits on the boarder of Anaklia and Abkazia. This specific location has been defined due to its boundary condition between Anaklia, Abkazia and its peripheral link to the free industrial zone, defining it as a location of interaction for all three territories.


The investigation will first need to establish whether this architectural act will operate to curb the existing social, economic and political tension in the region or exacerbate this in an analogous fashion to that of the incoming free industrial zone.


The current situation in the region cannot be unique as this form of redevelopment is becoming a mundane act not just across Georgia but also internationally. Therefore, this instance facilitates a moment for the eschewing of contemporary forms of development and allows the architectural discipline to interrogate alternate forms of social, political and economic cohesion within a region of crisis.


Through thorough analysis of realised projects such as the Hualing Sea Plaza Tbilisi/ Kutaisi Free Industrial Zone you can acutely analyse the extent of the incoming development of Anaklia and begin to propose/comment on trends occurring internationally this therefore puts the current condition of Anaklia on a pedestal for the architectural realm to learn from and take note of.



During the first semester the drawing tasks provided a platform to explore the initial themes; Monument, Infrastructure, Spectacle and Duration. These would then evolve to encompass project specific themes through further reading.

Through these themes, the study of an existing monument was initialised. Tatlin’s Tower or ‘The project for the Monument to the Third International’, enveloped many of the initial themes of the unit. As the monument was not realised the investigation looked at different ways in which to scrutinise the monument and develop a critical understanding of it.

In order to parse the monument a series of drawings to show its initial spatial configurations was undertaken. This clearly set out the internal voids and showed their relationship to the other voids and the external structure. An initial understanding of the building proposed new themes; these being: Void, Projection and Gap.

The project by OMA – ‘Jussieu – Two Libraries’, featured a series of drawings that allows the observer to understand the internal spatial configurations. These drawings portrayed the ‘single trajectory’ or ‘warped interior boulevard’ in a continuous section that broke the laws of a typical architectural section by following this route through the building. This successfully allowed a continuous element to be observed in a single drawing, un-observable to the natural eye. By using this as a precedent for exploration a new line of investigation was established; through the use of unravelling a further series of drawings was initiated.

These drawings allowed a further understanding of the spatial relationships between void and structure and their relative projection in comparison to physical location to be established. Through this line of investigation parallels were uncovered between the unravelling of Tatlin’s Tower and the current geo-political and economic positioning of Anaklia, Georgia. The parallels in this instance being the definition of the voids projection by its limits (in this case the structure of the monument); and the definition of the projection of a future Anaklia imposed by its geographical location between the separatist state of Abkazia and the new free industrial zone and deep sea port development. As a drawing this set out the structure in which the elements were able to be drawn through perspective. To draw this configuration through perspective allows the observer the ability to understand the analytical process behind the drawing through a single image.

In order to continue a successful line of investigate and allow the teachings of the drawing task to resonate within the continuation of the project, the main themes will be interrogated through design; Void, Projection, Gap. Moving forward the relevance of the prevailing themes will need to be interrogated when looking at a social, political and economic aspects of a geographical location and how these themes are able to manifest themselves in a physical environment.


Vladimir Tatlin proposed a Monument that would serve as the new HQ of the Third International after the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. The monument itself was never translated into a physical form and stood as a symbol to the changes in the political system at the time.

Through sketches and drawings I have begun to investigate the spatial relationships between the internal voids which would serve the monuments programme. In order to do this an exercise of unwrapping was initiated.

Sketchbook – Robert Cresswell


Sketchbook – Robert Cresswell


The unravelling of the structure to understand and reinterpret the spatial relationship of a defined number of voids. Once an understanding of their relationship in true space is defined, a reinterpretation of the spaces is expressed through the use of single point perspectives in a series of drawings to evoke a sense of narrative time.

Sketchbook – Robert Cresswell




Drawing Diagram, Savini Rajapakse



Unravelling a building into a non – linear section, the drawing is based on Dogma’s speculative renovation scheme in Brussels, entitled Pretty Vacant. It depicts a vacant office block that is converted into a collective live/work space for multiple residents. The drawing explores a new typology of housing that is based on that of the office plan, with a series of unspecific partitioned spaces.

CAD Sketch 1, Savini Rajapakse


CAD Sketch 2, Savini Rajapakse


CAD Sketch 3, Savini Rajapakse