Previous thumbnails, Nur Aisyah Khairuddin, 2017

The next development is to find the agenda behind the movement of labours within a space.

I started with questioning on movement;

  1. What creates movement?
  2. What interrupts movement?
  3. What are the differences in movement?

These questions create and lead to an infrastructure of movement within a space.

Developments of line drawing on movements, Nur Aisyah Khairuddin, 2017

By referring to Elements of Architecture: From Form to Place by Pierre von Meiss, I adapted the idea of different spatial fields and varying the vertical elements to explore on barriers in movements. I also did sketches on interruptions of parallel straight lines into grid patterns to create movement graphically.

Plan view, Nur Aisyah Khairuddin, 2017


Oblique drawing, Nur Aisyah Khairuddin, 2017


Perspective view, Nur Aisyah Khairuddin, 2017


With the reference from Inc.’s fulfilment centers in Rugeley, U.K,  I created three styles to indicate the movements within spaces and the Amazon shelves. The oblique thumbnail shows better relation in movement within spaces and the shelves. To reveal the unseen and hidden views, I elevated the drawings of shelves and with a perspective view of the thumbnail.


Plan view, Nur Aisyah Khairuddin, 2017
Oblique drawing, Nur Aisyah Khairuddin, 2017


The next stage, I have chosen one style from the three styles and explored on different arrangement of the shelves to create the movements naturally. This can be seen from the thumbnails above.

Combined drawing 1, Nur and Archie, 2017


Combined drawing 2, Nur and Archie, 2017


As for combined drawings, we tried to achieve our theme, “the logistic in architecture” with using infinite architecture structure elements (Archie’s line drawing agenda) and movements within spaces. The first combined drawing has the movement hatches on the architecture elements that created an oblique drawing, whereas the second combined drawing has hatches on spaces and created a 2D line drawing. These drawings are still at development stage and I experimented on how the hatch style (grid) can create and indicate movements within spaces with infinite architecture structure elements.


To be continued…





The ideas for these development thumbnails are derived from the articles that I’ve read, The Power of Infrastructure Space by Keller Easterling and Generic City by Rem Koolhaas, with an additional reading on The Typical Plan as Index of Generic by Francesco Marullo, to gain more understanding on the relation between labours and space.

From the article, certain statements are picked to be derived into drawings, such as “social factory”, “hegemonic system”, “standardised mass-production of commodities”, “algorithm for creating space – configurable parameters”, “capitalist attempt to crystallise & exploit the social forms of production – acting as an index of generic human labour power” and “detouring the vagueness of the typical plan to recover its delimited emptiness & singularity”. These quotes and statements deliver the ideas of an ideal factory plan with satisfied labours, the behaviour of human labours within certain spaces and the systems that were introduced.

Apart from the articles, some example drawings were taken as references;

Hiroshi Hara, 1981


Casabella, 1963


Oswald Mathias Ungers


Quaderns Barcelone, 1990


These examples show the techniques of line drawings and chosen architecture elements that are used together with specific and respective messages.

Nur Aisyah Khairuddin, 2017
Plan drawing of Kutaisi ‘King David the Builder’ International Airport, Georgia

The above photos are my first thumbnail that is derived from the statement “social factory” and a drawing plan (as shown above) from the project Kutaisi ‘King David the Builder’ International Airport, Georgia. From the article, the statement is related to labour and reform plan of a factory/warehouse. The common architecture elements that I have chosen from a factory and warehouse are i-column, pillars and curtain walls. The floor is hatched with grid hatching to indicate the movement of labours within a space, spacious and cramped respectively. The dotted pattern is the movement of labours in and out of a space and as overall, to show how do the surrounding architecture elements affect the movement of labours within a space.


Nur Aisyah Khairuddin, 2017


Vehicle circulation and service access of Fishermen warehouses in the port of Cangas


The second thumbnail is taken and derived from the statement “standardised mass-production of commodities”. The pattern is taken from the elevation modular of the project Fishermen warehouses in the port of Cangas as shown above. The thumbnail shows an infinite repetition to indicate the mass production of commodities and is arranged with a standardised algorithm.


Combined drawing by Nur and Archie, 2017

A combined drawing is then produced with a combination of my first thumbnail and with Archie’s idea on infinite architecture structure element. This combined drawing is a trial on revealing the relation between movement of labours with a factory’s structure, i-beam and i-column. From the combined drawing, do the chosen architecture structure elements change and vary the movement of labours within a space?


To be continued..




The Power of Infrastructure Space by Keller Easterling + Generic City by Rem Koolhaas


Dubai is a perfect representative of the intersection of both articles, The Power of Infrastructure Space and Generic City.

The city is a Generic City with quality standards that offer management guidelines with the same structural module as most of Generic Cities. It is obvious that the buildings in Dubai practice verticality as the city is filled with towers and skyscrapers. This somehow carries the sense of “death of planning” due to the control of bureaucrats and developers of the city.

For Dubai, the city is maintained and modernised; the issues have been replaced, which leads to the fresh form of entrepôt that is not based on history. With the presence of ports and an airport in Dubai, the city is somehow a zone with hyper-local and hyper-global goods. As a result, the city can be known as a supply chain city.

Business and leisure are the main programs for Dubai. Shopping malls, resorts, hotels and offices are denser than other programs and currently they are proliferating as its infrastructure has now becoming more competitive.

Bird’s eye view of Dubai City