Maria Mavrikou// Progress Week 04

Understanding the theories behind my building and the concepts of the gesture, I furthered my research into architectural and special arrangements. By compiling precedent studies of IKEA, the supermarket and the tree nursery; I researched the logistics of moving goods within these different operations. They do have one thing in common, however, which is that the buyer is part of the experience of the moving of these goods. (I have contacted IKEA for me to visit their warehouse).

Through these sketching diagrams, I was trying to understand how the goods are moved from the other side of the world in the IKEA situation to the actual warehouse. Through understanding the logistics of the moving and storage of goods, I am trying to show this spatially through the diagrams to enhance my understanding of the space required for the equipment, therefore understand how this knowledge could help me with my project.





Last week I started designing the space inside and out to attempt to show how feasible the interior space would be and the different scales it could contain.Conceptual Perspective


Through this perspective, the question of how these elements of the different buildings come together.

Deciding on the process of logistics by following IKEA with the flat pack route it would be more interesting and showing a volumetric process, meaning you can buy ready-made rooms. I am still in the process of making a list of all the scales within my building and which will unfold the sequence narrative.


Through the connection of the walls, it becomes a symbolism


Symbolism- The moment of the connections and the joints.

The concept regarding the transitions of the elements that are connected, and this connection is made. The prefabricated elements coming together.


Symbolic of the joints being able to become undone.

Since the volumetric aspect has been to covert further research and sketching has developed on how many volumetric spaces should/could fit within the building.

The sizing of the containers and how much a truck can carry, each container can fit half of a room if we estimate the room to be 6x6m (being the max) therefore I can only fit half a room in each container.

If the grid was to be 6x6x4 and I assume I will have 100 rooms within my building that means I would need 2500 modules of the grid

I am in the process of fully identifying the space and scale needed for the movement of objects. For the next week, I will have diagrams for the movement and plans and sections showing how these sequences with the moving of objects will fit within the site and the building by developing plans and sections.

Maria Mavrikou// Verb Model




take in and understand fully (information, ideas, or experience)





produce a copy of.

be copied with a specified degree of success.


Taking from my project articulation two verbs, absorb and reproduce that is a synonym of copying. I trying to reproduce the cube in multiple types as an act of reproduction and coping while absorb becomes ruination and degradation where the cube could either being reproduced or ruined as an architectural form.


Mock up versions:

Maria Mavrikou// Cross Crit

Through my research of the doppelgänger and the act of pastiche, I investigated these themes by placing them to our site in Anaklia by creating a mind map.

Anaklia is a rural town located in Western Georgia on the Black sea coast with a small population, apart from seasonal tourists. Since the 1960’s Anaklia has been promised a new deep-sea port that would bring a new city, new jobs and a new life to the people of Anaklia.

Anaklian Propaganda

While waiting, the people have no choice but to absorb the propaganda about their future. The main source of the propaganda is the ‘Anaklia Magazine’ as it works as autonomous element. There is a distinct difference of perceptions and expectations between the private sector that is selling this future idea and the locals as the sector receiving it.

There is a lack of ownership of ideas by the locals and they are allowing this propagandist myth to unfold..

While trying to understand tis propaganda I used their existing magazines and analysed how they are trying to persuade the locals on how this is what they want.

The project proposes a mockery approach to the propagandas of the deep-sea port and uses them to generate the “dream lifestyle” in Anaklia. The ideology of the ‘Anaklian Dream’ will unravel through the way it is produced and propagated in a neo-liberal way.

It is a gesture that is selling architecture as an image, that projects the dream lifestyle, by propagating architectural needs to residents of Anaklia.

The site will be located at between the coastline development the previous president had started that now is mainly abandoned hotels and between the end of the old town road. This is to enhance the irony of the “propagated” idea that is to be sold to the locals.

Precedence Study:

There are instances in America and Japan where after the war their needed a quick solution for their housing problem. Their introduced the model house that could be shipped to you within 2-3 weeks and you were available to select the colour of your roof allowing people to think that they were part of the design process but in real life they were propagated to think that way.

Hundreds of model homes were available for visiting// also extremely visible in printed media, including a wide variety of magazines.


Conceptual collages of house the dream lifestyle could be propagated.

Maria Mavrikou// Project Articulation


Historical and Political Identity of Anaklia

Anaklia is a rural town in Western Georgia on the Black sea coast and with a small population, apart from seasonal tourists. In 1960’s Anaklia was promised a new deep-sea port.


How this exemplified in architectural form

“The scale of the project and our ambition is to build a city from scratch. Alongside growth of its transit potential, businesses and services development and job creation which is essential to Georgians’ well-being” (Anaklia Magazine, 2016).

During the transformation of Anaklia, buildings have been demolished and new ones have been raised. It is a town in waiting for the long promised development. The people have no choice but to absorb the propaganda from the Anaklia Development, about future jobs and possibilities.

However, the locals have never stopped hoping of the promised future. A future that has been presented and sold to them, without a clear understanding of the consequences and of what this future might mean for them. There is a distinct difference of perceptions and expectations between the private sector that is selling this future idea and the locals as the sector receiving it.


Problem Statement

The future development is mainly under government control and privatisation of the project making it difficult for people to fully understand what to expect, the “dream” is lost in translation from the sender to the receiver and the translation into actions.

“This project does not belong to anyone in particular, this project belongs to each of us”- this is the attitude of those constructing Anaklia Deep Sea Port



Response to Problem Statement in terms of Proposal Aims

The project proposes an attempt to address the lack of ownership of ideas (“dreams”) by following the bigger plan and what has been sold. As the “dream” become the doppelganger of the original idea and is detached to what the locals actually want.


Specific Site chosen

The chosen site shows the relation between the future Anaklia and the existing Anaklia, a site sitting in-between the future and the existing, an irony of the “copy” of the idea that is to be sold to locals and has been manipulated through  propaganda.


Formal//Spatial //Narrative //Rhetorical Techniques//Methods //Strategies // Provocations

For a practical application of the site, some analysis of the site is essential to understand the relationship between the future proposal and what existed. The idea that has been sold has been transmitted to the receiver as a copy of an original idea. The local’s knowledge is different to the seller that is trying to “manipulate” the receiver. An attempt to understand the collaboration between the conception of the idea, the selling of the idea and how it relates to the preconceived ideas that people have constructed for themselves on the development as their “dream” of the future acts as an autonomous element.

The research begins with the investigation of the boundaries of the two elements and understanding their relationship by drawing the space in-between.

– Understanding of selling and receiving of the future

– Methodology using the Anaklia magazine for research

– Mapping the site and occupation patterns to develop the narrative


Ultimate Endeavours

Finally, this will lead to understanding of the origins and planning of Anaklia that can transform into an informed project. The key theme is the copying of an idea that might not have an original (therefore, “fake”). An imagined city that has been promised but never been achieved, should follow the true aspirations of the locals rather than the copy of the idea that has been sold through the propaganda.

The projection of the “dream” has been cursed by the promise of its indexical relation to reality, it has given way to the hyper-real representations- not of space as it is, but of space as we can make it (the receiver) (Steyerl, 2011).

How this related to site (Historical) identity and problem statement

Anaklia is a city waiting for the promised future development. There is a difference between the selling and the receiving of the idea as it is characterised as an autonomous element.

Examples of this have occurred in Batumi, where a tourist boom has resulted in a sudden drastic development, resulting in copying other Architectural typologies. The same ideology is happening with the idea of the future city of Anaklia.

I would like to explore what these development plans entail, but also local perceptions of the results, benefits and or downfalls of such an endeavour. This research will attempt to understand the collaboration and communication between the conception of the idea to the selling of the idea.




Through the similar construction of that of the Exquisite Corpse, a paradoxical confrontation between the elements of speech, we have sought the unlikely juxtaposition of unlikely objects and their alliance of disparate worlds in creating an architecture that is both hybrid and in manipulation (doppelgänger).

Using the Iveria Hotel as the skeletal substructure to our drawing, we have created multiple doppelgangers through the manipulation of the Iveria. Both elements are a reflection of the act of pastiche of multiple layers of elements found in our individual drawings.  In this way, this façade continues to create a doppelgänger of its former self but through different perception.

The drawings started as a doppelganger with two different facades, one being the copy of the Batumi Tower and the other, the elements of the old Iveria. However, this technique did not investigate the element of pastiche, even though these two facades do not fit together. Therefore, we combined the copied elements in a random order to create a doppelganger of its former self.


Jude’s Interpretation  Maria’s Interpretation


Final Drawing


Studio DS3 began the semester by exploring the themes of monument, infrastructure, spectacle and duration.

Through these themes, I researched other ways of commemoration of a monument, that developed into the analysis of two buildings, San Marco in Venice (the original) and Piazza Batumi (the copy/ doppelganger). The research was further expanded upon my individual drawing as the reinterpretation of the theme of the doppelganger.

In addition to my individual drawing, we had a group drawing task in which we utilised our ‘common’ themes to create the projective view of our themes, “the monster” and the “copy”. Further information will be presented below.

Key themes:

Monument, Commemoration, Copy, Doppelganger, Pastiche

Through the exploration of understanding the terms of doppelganger and the act of copying the façade works as a device and a tool to read the buildings as it constitutes more as a “result” than an “architectural form” (Koolhaas et al., 2014).  The main theme used to read the site is the act of the Doppelganger to further read this political territorial condition.

To further my research, I looked into specific examples of the doppelganger. These two examples are San Marco Piazza in Venice and Batumi Piazza in Batumi.

It is clear that the Piazza Batumi is a “doppelganger” of San Marco in Venice.

Batumi is a tourist town that in the last decade has been through a tourist boom.  The need therefore, of something spectacular was developed throughout the city with extreme types of architecture. Batumi’s contemporary efforts to create links with Italian architecture are evident through various examples, as previously mentioned (Baniotopoulou, 2015).

There is a specific combination of images, symbols, capital and organizational interaction that not only functions on a semiotic level, but also directly references the literature of the network society above by highlighting Batumi’s efforts to secure its global city status. The act of the doppelganger adds a mythological layer to Batumi as it is a way of reading a projection of a “fake” reality that exists in Venice.

Batumi is an example of how our world is increasingly populated by spatial products, or the built manifestations of commercial formulas; (Easterling, 2014). Furthermore, Easterling lists a number of “unorthodox auxiliaries,” or techniques in which we can redesign infrastructure space: “gossip, rumour, gift-giving, mimicry, comedy, remote control, meaninglessness, misdirection, hacking or entrepreneurialism”. These techniques affect the stories, the disposition of infrastructure space, therefore makes up the act of copying/ The doppelganger (Easterling, 2014).

Piazza San Marco

Piazza San Marco Axonometric


Piazza Batumi

Piazza Batumi Axonometric


Individual Drawing

Through the research of the doppelgänger, the act of pastiche and the themes of apperception and duration, my individual drawing was conceived. By exploding the prefabricated elements of the two buildings that have been analysed, one being the “copy” and the other the “original”; I was trying to unravel the question on when do you define something the original and when does it become a copy or if the prefabrication of elements are multiple copies of one original. Does that mean when you take away the generic form that seems to be the main element that makes the it the “copy”, do the prefabricated elements still contain the doppelgänger, as these elements are characterised as the act of pastiche.





Attempt 01// Understanding the themes

Attempt 02// Elements from both buildings exploding from generic form on both sides

Attempt 03// Separating each building’s elements on different sides while still separated from the generic form

Attempt 04// Mixing the elements// adding part of the generic form to show that the elements are devoid of scale


Banal Layer :Commercial, Residential & Industrial buildings

Nur, Jude, Aqilah and I mapped all the residential, industrial and commercial buildings, while also recording the demolished, abandoned and the ones under construction. While the rest of the team were taking photographs of the building I was in charge of “labelling” these buildings through a series of lists on a piece of paper, by giving descriptions and measurements while mapping them on the map.

For each building category, we had initials followed by numbers as a means of identification.

Notes taken on site, while mapping the buildings of Anaklia


Elemental Layer : Prefab/ repeated Elements

Following my technology exploration on prefabricated elements my Elemental Layer is based on identifying these elements in Anaklia. Two of the main elements were bricks corrugated steel used on the façade of buildings for decorative reasons.

This house in Anaklia is the perfect example of both elements researched above combined. The industrial element used on the top part of the building is purely decoration. In addition, the “bricks” drawn are wall tiles with a brick pattern. 

Mapping Examples

Rebecca Lefkowitz, Mapping Points


Swarnabh Ghosh, Mapping Key points


Group Drawing

Using the Iveria Hotel as the skeletal substructure to our drawing, we have created multiple doppelgangers through the manipulation of the Iveria’s opposing façades. With one elevation reflecting the original elements of the Iveria  during the Soviet/ Post-Soviet regime, through its morphing states, this façade becomes a doppleganger of its former self.

The opposing face will represent the Iveria of the future using only traditional Georgian architectural elements, found on the Batumi Clock Tower. In this way, this façade continues to create a doppleganger of its former self but through different perception while imitating the pastiche element of the Batumi Tower as a doppelganger of San Marco in Venice.

Group Drawing, Jude and Maria, OCT 2017

‘The Monster’ composites all three of our groups themes into one hybrid interpretation of an architectural monster. Using the transformation of the Iveria and its consequential continuation of life through other architectural ventures, my interpretation of ‘the monster’ is the projection of elements extrapolated onto a landscape void of scale or location. This projection creates a field of these elements as opposed to a singular building. These elements would represent significant parts of the Iveria, Shavnabada Monastery, Deserters Bazaar and Collective Centres that all form an interplay within the story of the Iveria Hotel. The elements specific in detail will dictate the field around them that is itself composed of the debris behind the operations needed to construct and reconstruct its multiple fates.

This extrapolated monster furthers my interest in Fishers’ The Weird & Eerie as Weirdness exists largely at the edge between worlds; Eeriness radiates from the ruins of lost ones. In this way, my elements when looked at individually make no claim to anything but when looked at together, form a narrative of elaborate operations.


Continuing on from the previous weeks, I finally began to look into each of the elements of each building separately and how these elements are used differently, comparing San Marco (Venice) to the Tower in the Batumi Piazza.

The drawing is a representation of an unseen view of the act of pastiche. Using the San Marco as an “original” I am exploding from this form, the elements that have been copied while in the middle layer there will be the elements that are now representing the Georgian architecture that make the new tower “different”, in other words a “bad” representation of tracing the original.

The elements are exploded onto an undefined ground that is assumed to be there, however the elements seem to be floating. The elements are void of scale, proving that the act of pastiching and copying/ tracing has nothing to do with the scale of the elements but the act itself.