We explored the relationship between utopian conceptual cities and how these ideas manifested themselves into disurban realities (usually conflicting with original ideologies). We examined the large-scale linear plans for Leondovs Magnitogorsk, using perspective sections to explore the space between domestic, communal buildings. We used these drawings to highlight the contrast between the built ideological city and the natural landscape, discovering the power of the plinth as a hard boundary.
Examining the Broadacre City scheme (Frank Loyd Wright), we researched the evolution of the suburb, from ideology to reality, and the ultimate problems created, culminating in a dystopia of a fractured landscape where services are compartmentalised and spread over great distances. We examined how these services were contained in the form of shopping centres using the Myzeil shopping centre in Frankfurt as a precedent.
We began to consider plinths and containment from above as ways in which to represent social and political layers, exploring through sketches and collages how these layers related to one another.
Manufacturd Landscapes, Edward Burtynsky
Powers of 10, Charles and Ray Eames
Cénotaphe à Newton, Boullée (1784)
“photographically without showing a speci c place, focusing instead on a mental experience. Hers is a kind of perceptual photography, exploring what is sensed rather than the immediately visible. In a composite photograph, liberated from the single point of view of indexical representation, a new visual vocabulary can emerge. A subtle combination of multiple perspectives, lighting sources, and distances is used to produce disorientation in the viewer. The landscapes are ambivalent, familiar and yet not identi able. The work probes our relationship to a globalizing world, marked by the loss of its certainties and an overall sense of placelessness.”
Six metres collage-drawing, depicting a typical day of M. in her distorted dreams, Lei Mao
“The architecture of logistics, the “ful lment centre,” is then a direct modulation of these standardized procedures, making the warehouse a highly generic environment able to cope with instability and change.”
“The exhibition takes a typical day of M., a night-shift logistic worker of Atacama, a ctional leading multinational corporation of online commerce. Following the micro- physics of M.’s operations, we attempt to reconstruct the hidden and perverse logic behind the company’s reassuring public image, tracing the mechanism in which collective desire becomes abstract, and abstraction becomes concrete once again, in the form of labour.”
Six metres collage-drawing, depicting a typical day of M. crossing the territory of Pianura Padana, Eva Le Roi
“Since, in the long run, mass production must be considered an information system, research no longer concentrates on the object itself, but that in [sec] its role as a kind of sign. This implied that the goal of design is not the object, but the link connecting someone with the environment. In this framework, the architect unavoidable becomes the designer of the consumer’s behaviour through mass-produced object design and correct ceremonial use. Superstudio’s production of images aimed, by contrast, at a world without design objects, intended to increase the consumers’ ability to design their own behaviours in an anti-cerimonial relationship with the environment through their resilient and transparent supersurface.” Quesada, F. // Superstudio 1966-73: From the World without Objects to the Universal grid
“The only activity is shopping. But why not consider shopping as temporary, provisional? It awaits better times. It is our own fault – we didn’t think of anything better to do.The same spaces inundated with other programs – libraries, baths, universities – would be terri c; we would be awed by their grandeur” (Kookhaas, p.71).
“Air conditioning freed new depths of interior space to shopping, by wrapping the consumer in comfortable environments” (Sze Tsung Leong // … And Then There Was Shopping. In Har vard Design School Guide to Shopping p.132)
“Shopping has historically preferred to do away with the outside, seeing nature as an unpredictable interference with the unfolding of commerce. Instead, it has created its own interior realms – the bazaar, the arcade, and the shopping mall all exist in a lineage of greater control and greater autonomy from exterior conditions. With the invention of air conditioning, natural light and air could nally be superseded and rendered obsolete, as “ideal” and completely arti cial shopping conditions were enthusiastically adopted by the public” (Sze Tsung Leong // Air Conditioning. In Harvard Design School Guide to Shopping p.93)
Broadacre City, Frank Lloyd Wright
Collage depicting suburban ‘reality’ of Frank Lloyd Wright’s Broadacre City Proposal
Magnitogorsk, Ivan Leonidov
Collage depicting reality of Magnitogorsk today juxtaposed with Leonidov’s utopian proposal
Photograph of Magnitogorsk as seen today
Section depicting Magnitogorsk and it’s relation to landscape and industry